Liposuction is the removal of fatty tissues through a vacuum-like procedure. A thin wand is inserted into an area where an abundance of fat or cellulite is located. The doctor sweeps the wand from side to side in a slow, careful motion. This effectively breaks up the tissues so the fat cells and fluids can be sucked away. Liposuction is used to remove fat from the larger deposits located in the body. These areas include the hips, buttocks, thighs, upper arms, lower back, and abdomen. While liposuction is considered to be a cosmetic procedure, it can have positive medical benefits as well, such as removing excess fat from around joints allowing them to move more freely.
Any procedure that involves entering the body through the skin has the potential for infection or side effects. Common side effects associated with liposuction include bruising, swelling, soreness, numbness near the treatment area, minor scars at the incision site, and baggy skin. As the area begins to heal, the skin will tighten, reducing the look of baggy skin and smoothing out any ripples or indentations. Irritation may also be present near the incision and along the treatment area. It is important to report any side effects to the doctor. The doctor will closely monitor the site of the incision for any signs of infection.
In the majority of cases, there are few contraindications that would eliminate a person as a candidate for liposuction. One of the most common, however, is the risk of poor wound recovery. Individuals who have clotting disorders or diabetes may be slower to heal than a person without those health conditions. These issues increase the risk of infection and cause the wounds within the body to take much longer to heal. Doctors may also recommend other procedures if a person has a history of uncontrollable bleeding or severe heart conditions. A doctor will perform a complete physical before to ensure the patient is physically sound and able to undergo the procedure without side effects or complications.