Fat grafting is also known as a fat transfer. The procedure involves taking fat from one area of the body and transferring it to another, either through an injection or a surgical procedure. Fat is normally removed from deposits located near the hips, thighs, buttocks, and lower back. Once the fatty tissue has been removed, it is injected or surgically placed in its intended location. Normally small amounts are transferred to the face where they are used to fill in small hollows and indentations that have been caused by a loss of fat or the deterioration of tissue. It may also be injected to plump up the skin and reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
The human body has many areas that are ideal for fat storage. The hips, buttocks, thighs, lower back, and abdomen are often where the largest deposits are located. These areas, in most cases, are where fat tends to accumulate first. They are also the last, and sometimes, the most difficult areas, to lose weight. Doctors often prefer using this type of technique because it involves material taken from the patient's own body. There are fewer side effects and the body tends to heal much quicker when this type of method is used. Although the procedure may need to be performed more often than when synthetic fillers are used, the results are similar and the patient heals much faster.
Because an individual will have to undergo two separate procedures, a person who has a health condition that causes them to heal slowly or have difficulty clotting, may not be a good candidate for this or any other type of cosmetic procedure. If a person is in good general health and has no physical limitations, there should be very few contraindications. Doctors may choose to postpone the procedure if the patient has had a cold or the flu within a few days of the procedure's scheduled date. The doctor will often schedule a pre-surgery meeting a day or two before the procedure to ensure the patient is ready to proceed and there are no potential health complications.